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Brain-Based Self-Regulation Techniques

Efficacy ratings for biofeedback based treatments:

Please see Yucha and Gilbert's 2004 review of efficacy ratings for most of the disorders biofeedback is used to treat. (Yucha, C. & Gilbert, C. (2004) Evidence-Based Practice in Biofeedback and Neurofeedback. Association for Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback. Colorado Springs, CO. It can be purchased from the AAPB's bookstore on this site.)

The following efficacy ratings are taken from the Yucha/Gilbert text. Additional references are available in the text.

Efficacious and specific (Fifth level) :

  1. Urinary Incontinence in Females

Efficacious (Fourth Level) :

  1. Anxiety
  2. Attention Deficit Disorder
  3. Headache- Adult
  4. Hypertension
  5. Temporomandibular Disorders
  6. Urinary Incontinence in Males

Probably efficacious (Third level):

  1. Alcoholism/Substance Abuse
  2. Arthritis
  3. Chronic Pain
  4. Epilepsy
  5. Fecal Elimination Disorders
  6. Headache- Pediatric Migraines
  7. Insomnia
  8. Traumatic Brain Injury
  9. Vulvar Vestibulitis

Possibly Efficacious (Second level):

  1. Asthma
  2. Cancer and HIV, Effect on Immune Function
  3. Cerebral Palsy
  4. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
  5. Depressive Disorders
  6. Diabetes Mellitus
  7. Fibromyalgia
  8. Foot Ulcers
  9. Hand Dystonia
  10. Irritable Bowel Syndrome
  11. Mechanical Ventilation
  12. Motion Sickness
  13. Myocardial Infarction
  14. Post Traumatic Stress disorder
  15. Raynaud's Disease
  16. Repetitive Strain Injury
  17. Stroke
  18. Tinnitus
  19. Urinary Incontinence in Children

Not empirically supported (First level of evidence):

  1. Autism
  2. Eating Disorders
  3. Multiple Sclerosis
  4. Spinal Cord Injury


Retrieved from The Association for Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback (AAPB)